This book presents a citizen-centric perspective of the dual components of e-government and e-governance. E-government refers to the practice of online public reporting by government to citizens, and to service delivery via the Internet. E-governance represents the initiatives for citizens to participate and provide their opinion on government websites. This volume in the Public Solutions Handbook Series focuses on various e-government initiatives from the United States and abroad, and will help guide public service practitioners in their transformation to e-government. The book provides important recommendations and suggestions oriented towards practitioners, and makes a significant contribution to e-government by showcasing successful models and highlighting the lessons learned in the implementation processes. Chapter coverage includes: * Online fiscal transparency * Performance reporting * Improving citizen participation * Privacy issues in e-governance * Internet voting * E-government at the local level
Speech media, i.e., digital audio and video containing spoken content, has blossomed in recent years. Large collections are accruing on the Internet as well as in private and enterprise settings. This growth has motivated extensive research work on techniques and technologies that facilitate reliable indexing and retrieval. Spoken content retrieval (SCR) requires a combination of audio and speech processing technologies with methods from information retrieval (IR). SCR research initially investigated planned speech structured in document-like units, but has subsequently shifted focus to more informal spoken content produced spontaneously, outside of the studio and in conversational settings. Spoken Content Retrieval: A Survey of Techniques and Technologies provides an overview of the field of SCR encompassing component technologies, the relationship of SCR to text IR and automatic speech recognition and user interaction issues. It can be read sequentially from beginning to end, but is also written modularly, making it possible to read parts of the survey selectively. Spoken Content Retrieval: A Survey of Techniques and Technologies includes an extensive bibliography including over 300 references. The bibliography was selected with the goal of providing a comprehensive selection of entry points into the literature that would allow further exploration of the issues covered. The text is an invaluable reference for researchers with backgrounds in speech technology or information retrieval who are seeking deeper insight on how these fields are integrated to support research and development addressing the core challenges of SCR.
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